Search Tips

Many ways to search

Basic Search

Through Basic search and Advanced search you will find library collections: printed books and e-books, journals and e-journals, SeAMK theses and links to databases. You can also make a so called empty search and leave the search box empty and just click the search button.

International e-materials search

Through International e-materials search you will find mostly English scholarly articles and publications. International e-materials search contains scientific articles, ebooks and references from various international publishers.

Browsing lists

By browsing the journal list you will find library's printed and electronic journals. Database list contains information about e-resources and databases that library has purchased. Database list also includes all links to databases.

Searching for a particular book or journal

Start by typing words from the book or journal title or by typing the author's surname. Finna will help you by suggesting certain titles or names.

You can also narrow the search by choosing different criteria in the drop-down menu (course books, available online, book material, thesis, journal/article, database, exact search, search in titles, authors or subjects.)

Search for books

Try phrase search and write the title of a book within quotation marks:

"Supply chain management"

You can combine words from the title, author, publisher and other information:

nursing thompson

With wildcard symbol * you can replace zero, one or several characters in a search term if you are uncertain about the right term:

ba*mann

On search results page, click the title and you will see more detailed information about the item. Information about the availability and holdings as well as possibility for holds and requests can be found at the end of the display: Availability

Wildcard Searches ? and *

To perform a single character wildcard search use the ? symbol.

For example, to search for "text" or "test" you can use the search:

te?t

To perform a multiple character, 0 or more, wildcard search use the * symbol.

For example, to search for test, tests or tester, you can use the search:

test*

You can also use the wildcard searches in the middle of a term.

te*t

Note: You cannot use a * or ? symbol as the first character of a search.

Narrowing the search

You can use the narrow search menu to narrow your search according to content type (e.g. thesis), organisation (e.g. Campus library), language or time range. Search results can be narrowed by selecting several criteria at the same time.

By clicking on the plus sign, you can display more detailed limit options.

You can delete criteria by clicking the cross symbol.

Narrow search

Sharing the record

When you are on the page which contains information about a book, journal, article or database, you can email the link or share it on social media. The options can be found on the top of the display. You can also copy the link from the address bar of the browser.

If you want to use remote access, copy the link of a book, journal, article or database always from SeAMK-Finna. The links will guide you to login to the remote access.

The link to search results can also be copied from the address bar. You can also save the search, get a RSS feed of the search and email the link to the search results. These options you can find at the end of the search results page.

Advanced Search

Search Fields

When you first visit the Advanced Search page, you are presented with several search fields. In each field, you can type the keywords you want to search for. Search operators are allowed.

Each field is accompanied by a drop-down that lets you specify the type of data (title, author, etc.) you are searching for. You can mix and match search types however you like.

The "Match" setting lets you specify how multiple search fields should be handled.

    • With all these (AND) - Return only records that match every search field.
    • With any of these (OR) - Return any records that match at least one search field.
    • With none of these (NOT) -- Return all records EXCEPT those that match search fields.

    The "Add Search Field" button may be used to add additional search fields to the form. You may use as many search fields as you wish.

    Advanced search

    Search Groups

    For certain complex searches, a single set of search fields may not be enough. For example, suppose you want to find books about the history of China or India. If you did an With all these search for China, India, and History, you would only get books about China AND India. If you did an With any of these search, you would get books about history that had nothing to do with China or India.

    Search Groups provide a way to build searches from multiple groups of search fields. Every time you click the "Add Search Group" button, a new group of fields is added. Once you have multiple search groups, you can remove unwanted groups with the "Remove Search Group" button, and you can specify whether you want to match on ANY or ALL search groups.

    In the history of China or India example described above, you could solve the problem using search groups like this:

      • In the first search group, enter "India" and "China" and make sure that the "Match" setting is "ANY Terms."
      • Add a second search group and enter "history."
      • Make sure the match setting next to the Search Groups header is set to "ALL Groups."

Boolean Operators

Boolean operators allow terms to be combined with logic operators. The following operators are allowed: AND, +, OR, NOT and -.

Note: Boolean operators must be ALL CAPS

AND

The AND operator is the default conjunction operator. This means that if there is no Boolean operator between two terms, the AND operator is used. The AND operator matches records where both terms exist anywhere in the field of a record.

To search for records that contain "economics" and "Keynes" use the query:

economics Keynes

or

economics AND Keynes

OR

The OR operator links two terms and finds a matching record if either of the terms exist in a record.

To search for documents that contain either "economics Keynes" or just "Keynes" use the query:

"economics Keynes" OR Keynes

!-

The "!-" operator excludes records that contain the following term.

To search for documents that contain "economics" but not "Keynes" use the query:

economics !-Keynes

Note: The operator cannot be used with just one term. For example, the following search will return no results:

!-economics

Note: If the term begins with the operator, it can be included by using the backslash (\). For example: to search for !-merkki hakuehtona (in Finnish) use the query:

\!-merkki hakuehtona

Note: The NOT operator can be used similarly with this operator. However, the NOT operator returns more results, some of which may contain the term following NOT.

Parenthesis

Complex search phrases can be done with parenthesis. The part within the parenthesis is sought first:

(Rome OR Italy) AND history

Phrase searches

Search term or terms enclosed in quotation marks will be used literally.

To search for records containing the exact phrase "ancient history" and not e.g. "history in the ancient times":

"ancient history"

Also single words can be enclosed in quotation marks to use the term literally, ignoring different conjugations.

More Tips...

Fuzzy Searches

Use the tilde ~ symbol at the end of a Single word Term. For example to search for a term similar in spelling to "roam" use the fuzzy search:

roam~

This search will find terms like foam and roams.

An additional parameter can specify the required similarity. The value is between 0 and 1, with a value closer to 1 only terms with a higher similarity will be matched. For example:

roam~0.8

The default that is used if the parameter is not given is 0.5.

Proximity Searches

Use the tilde ~ symbol at the end of a Multiple word Term. For example, to search for economics and keynes that are within 10 words apart:

"economics Keynes"~10

Range Searches

To perform a range search you can use either the { } or the [ ] characters. The { } characters are exclusive and the [ ] characters are inclusive of the upper and lower bounds. For example to search for a term that starts with either B, or C:

{A TO D}

The searches can be done with numeric fields such as the Year:

[2002 TO 2003]

Boosting a Term

To apply more value to a term, you can use the ^ character. For example, you can try the following search:

economics Keynes^5

Which will give more value to the term "Keynes"